The poultry sector is increasingly important in the Ivorian economy. Before the 2002 political crisis, this sector accounted for about 45% of the total contribution of livestock and fisheries to GDP. This represents approximately 2.9% of agricultural GDP and 1% of overall GDP. It generated nearly 250 billion CFA francs and created 200,000 jobs, including 70,000 direct jobs and 130,000 indirect jobs. This sector is the main outlet for agricultural products and agro-industrial by-products, particularly maize, which alone accounts for 65% of poultry feed.
Small-scale farmers facing challenges
In Côte d'Ivoire, small-scale poultry producers face several challenges, including training, sanitary conditions, input supply, finance, and market access. With limited training on best production techniques, very few poultry farmers apply good practices. This negatively affects the yields and quality of poultry products. Biosecurity control and compliance on farms and in other poultry-related businesses, such as hatcheries and slaughterhouses, remains a serious problem. Added to this is the recurrent unavailability and quality of inputs (chicks, concentrates and maize) on the market, as well as the prices of veterinary products that are very often out of reach for small poultry farmers. Therefore, poultry farming requires large investments (working capital). The low level of organization and structuring of actors in this sector reduces their chances of accessing financial products and services adapted to their needs. Also, despite the protection of the local market through the levying of a so-called compensatory tax of 1,000 CFA on imported poultry, small-scale poultry farmers often face problems in selling their products on local markets.