In Mali, 2SCALE's Translait partnership aims to facilitate access to fresh milk and its by-products for the population during all seasons of the year, i.e. 10,000 liters of milk per day, thus increasing the income of dairy producers. However, milk production still faces enormous difficulties, including the issue of access to high-producing dairy breeds, poor organization of production units and, above all, difficulties in accessing livestock feed. In addition, the 2019-2020 cotton crisis in Mali has had a considerable impact on the price of livestock feed. Indeed, due to budgetary constraints, the Malian government refused to subsidize fertilizer for the cotton sector initially before accepting it a little later. As a result, many cotton producers refused to grow cotton, which led to a drop in national cotton and maize production, as the cultivation of these two crops was linked to access to mineral fertilizer. This drop has resulted in a large decrease in the production of livestock feed. Furthermore, dairy farms in Mali are mostly extensive. Most of the producers are satisfied with the number of heads on their farm rather than profitability. It is only on certain farms where there are some improved breeds that can give up to 10 liters of milk per day. Otherwise, the average milk production obtained at milking is between 3 and 5 liters per cow per day. However, the improvement of the quantity and quality of local milk depends strongly on the feeding of the cattle.