The groundnut production season in Niger is usually between July and October. A member of the legume family, groundnuts were once the second most important cash crop after cowpeas. Like all legumes, it has nitrogen-fixing properties that increase soil fertility and thus improve the productivity of agricultural land. This is why in Niger, it is also used for farm intercropping to limit soil impoverishment. In addition, groundnuts are very profitable for farmers and are widely consumed by households in several forms (oil, paste and cake, etc.).
Maradi, Zinder, Dosso, Tillabéry, Tahoua and Niamey are the main groundnut production basins in Niger. However, after the usual production season, the success of which depends mainly on rainfall, the sector faces several challenges, including access to land, particularly for women, lower yields and productivity, as well as attacks by molds such as aflatoxin, and other crop pests such as insects and animals.